There are thousands of fruit varieties one can choose to grow from depending on the zone you live. Simple factors such as zone, temperatures, water availability as well as nutrient or soil type play an important part in selecting the varieties to choose from. When starting a garden. Depending of the budget and equipment you have available to you can sure influence your success in permaculture. Permaculture utilizes principles in regenerative agriculture in a organic natural way.
“Permaculture is the art of wielding nature in a manner to create an ecosystem in which one can grow ones own food and sustenance. “
Things to consider before getting started
To help find out which zone you are in you can simply google what zone your current residence in. Whenever purchasing from an online plant seller they sometimes aid in finding out wether or not that plant you wanted to purchase will thrive in your area. Whenever purchasing from a local nursery always ask what the specific requirements for said plant may be. In order to help facilitate the plants success. Most nurseries usually carry plants that will thrive in the area.
There are various types of trees that are all specialized to grow in different environments. As well as space. When considering the type of fruit you’d want to grow . Make sure you have the adequate space or variety for the space allotted. Trees of the same fruit may also bear fruit at different times. Some trees prefer more acidic soil than others, not all trees or shrubs. Can tolerate the same amount of sun exposure, So its important to have these things in mind when selecting your trees and shrubs.
When selecting trees and you have the space many tree types will do but if your space is limited, then try some smaller tree varieties.
There are different types of small tree you can buy columnar tree which are trees that grow straight upright and produce fruit on the main stem and are perfect for smaller spaces.
Espalier is a method in which you train a tree to grow parallel to a wall or fence to save on space. There are many fruit varieties you can choose from.
And the third method you can benefit from is in buying trees growing on a dwarfing rootstock which can limit the height of tree in order to keep it from getting too big for maintenance and fruit picking. Some rootstocks may also help you get fruit quicker. Making the tree reach maturity faster. A rootstock is the lower part of a tree that is gained from a specific type of cultivar to induce a desired trait to come about by splicing another cultivar on top of the lower part.
Once you’ve selected your trees and plants the second thing you should get is the spacing between the plants some trees require more space between trees in order to thrive. This helps so trees don’t have to complete for space either above ground as well as underground. Once the spacing is set use a marker to mark where you’ll be planting.
Make sure you water thoroughly after planting to avoid any air pockets and help hydrate the plant. Make sure to install supports if you live in a high wind location.
Always make sure to match the soil to the plant to ensure success. Some plants need more drainage and require loose soil. There are fruit and nut trees and shrubs one can select to have